models are identified by an alphanumeric code. The code consists of the
engine series designation letter(s) and the frame designation number
separated by a the letter "J." The J may be intended to indicate Japan
as the country of production. For example a 2 door with short wheel
base and a 2F gasoline engine would be a FJ40.
Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep)
Cruiser BJ (Toyota Jeep) Back in 1950 the American Army contacted the
Toyota Motor Corporation with a request for a 4WD vehicle to be used by
the soldiers and military police stationed in Japan. Toyota took the
request seriously. During the war Toyota had produced a 4WD vehicle named
AK10 for the Japanese army. With that experience in their back pocket
Toyota presented, within six months, in August 1950 the Toyota Jeep Model
BJ. It had a two piece windscreen, a vertically ribbed front and its
appearance did not differ much from the Jeep. The engine was a 6-cylinder
gasoline, 3.386 liter and 63 kW. It had a 4-speed transmission without
synchromesh and a single range transfer.
Cruiser 25 Series
Series In 1958 the Land Cruiser took on the familiar body style. It
used the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder gas "F" engine. It had a slightly different
grill and fenders than later 40's. (This example of the FJ25 was found in
a Costa Rican Auto dealership.)
Toyota Land Cruiser 40
Series The 40 Series was produced from 1961 to 1984. This is the
classic Land Cruiser. It is a two door with removable hardtop / softop.
Early models had a 3 speed transmission that was replaced in 1974 with a 4
speed, and in 1983 with a 5 speed. It is was produced with several engine
types. FJ40's with the 3.8 liter 6 cylinder F engine came to North America
around 1963. FJ40's with the 4.2 liter 2F engine started in 1974. BJ40's
with the 3.0 liter 4 cylinder B engine came to Canada from '78-'80 but
were offered elsewhere for longer. BJ40's with the 3.4 liter 3B came to
Canada from '81-'84.
Cruiser 45 Series Troop Carrier
Series Troop Carrier This is a longer wheelbase version of the 40.
This truck was spotted in Costa Rica. This style was not generally
available in the USA although some were imported discreetly. Australia
got their first FJ45 troopies in 1976, these were all soft top models
with full hard doors. No diesel models until mid 1979 when the H series 6
cylinder diesel was introduced and a hard top model designated HJ45
arrived. It had 2 body options, 11 seat capacity or 3 seater, hardtop roof
was full length fiberglass. All hardtops had "ambulance" rear doors,
Nippondenso "factory under dash air" was an option. Around 1981 the HJ47
was released with the 2H diesel, padded dash and a change of color
schemes. The HJ47 model continued until about late 1984.
Toyota Land Cruiser 45 Series Wagon
Series Wagon The 45 Wagon is quite rare It is similar to the troop
carrier, but has 5 doors. Gifu Body manufactured the body for the 45
Cruiser 45 Series Pickup
Series Pickup The pickup version of the Land Cruiser. 45 LBPU Square
bed with tie down loops on sides, removable hard/soft top. 45 SBPU Rounded
bed with bevel on top rim like a 40. This version had fixed hardtop until
approx. 1964 then removable hardtop.
Toyota Land Cruiser 55 Series Wagon
Series This model was available in North America from 1969 to 1980. It
appeared with an F engine, and then was replaced with the 2F version in
1975. It is a station wagon with a narrower appearance than the 40 series.
Toyota Land Cruiser 60 Series
Series FJ60's were available from 1980 to 1987 and were equipped with
the 2F Gasoline engine in the USA. BJ60's with the 3B Diesel became
available in Canada in 1984, then they were replaced with with the HJ60
with the 6 cylinder Diesel and a 5 speed transmission from '85-'87.
Cruiser 62 Series Wagon
Series This updated version of the 60 series was produced from 1987
to 1989. It can be distinguished from the 60 Series by the 2 pairs of
rectangular headlights. It has the fuel injected 3.9 L 6 cylinder fuel
injected 3F engine and was available only with an automatic transmission
in North America.
Cruiser 62 Series
Series The 70 series started production in 1985. The picture shows
the LX version with chrome wheels, chrome steps and grill, 'air ride'
front seats, and a folding rear bench seat. The 70 Series shares many
features of the late model 40 series except for the body style, the frame
and drive train very similar. The BJ70 has the 3B 3.4L diesel. This
version was not imported to the United States, and Canada stopped
importation of this version in 1987. The 70 series is equipped with power
brakes, power steering, and 5 speed transmission. In Europe and Indonesia,
the 70LC "Bandura" was produced which had coil springs instead of the
standard leaf springs, and the smaller 2L-T 2.3L turbo diesel engine. The
newer models have a redesigned grill and come with the 6 cylinder HZJ
Cruiser 73 Series
Series These are commonly called the Mid Wheel Base (MWB) Cruisers.
They came out with the FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastic) tops. They are
about 12" longer in the wheel base than the SWB 70's. Powered by the 3F
Gasoline engine, or the 3B, the 13BT (basically a turbo 3B), and later
the 1HZ (4.2L Diesel), and the 1PZ (a 5 cylinder 3.5L version of the
1HZ). Some of these (gas only) came with an optional 4 speed Automatic
transmission. In Venezuela this model is available with the 4.5 liter 1FZ
Engine used in the 80 Series!
Cruiser 75 Series Troop Carrier
Series Troop Carrier 1985 saw the release of the 75 series Troopie
with new body, 2H diesel and 3F petrol engines, this model continued until
1990 with minor changes, again and several after market companies provided
"pop top" camper conversions for this body. The main upgrade in 1990 was
an increase in engine performance, in 1993 the "RV" model was introduced
with some "luxo" options like 6 seats, 4 speaker AM/FM stereo cassette,
extra sub tank, cloth insert seats, front door pockets, power rear door
lock. The 1HZ diesel engine continued on and a new 1FZ-FE 4.5 liter petrol
engine was introduced, also 1993. Integrated Air Conditioning was also
optional for the 75 series troopies. The 75 series has been adapted for
many roles, recreational, mining, ambulances, armored money trucks, hire
campers, extended custom bodies for tour operators etc. The Defense Forces
also use them extensively.
Cruiser 75 Series Pickup
Series Pickup This is the "pickup" truck version of the 70. The
current model 70 series trucks have the 4.2l Six cylinder 1HZ Diesel.
(Earlier models had the 5 cylinder diesel 1PZ) This model is being
imported into Canada in small numbers for use in mines in northern Canada.
These versions are stripped versions with split rims and bench seats, and
are not DOT certified for on road use. They are modified with a crew cab
in place of the box to carry mine workers
Cruiser 77 Series Wagon
Series Wagon somewhere in Brazil. This is an LJ77 light duty Land
Cruiser. The light duty version is known as the Land Cruiser II. The
light duty truck has coil springs instead of leafs, and 8" differentials
like the Hilux rather than the 9.5" ones found on the heavy duty Land
Cruisers. This truck has the 2LT 2.4 Liter Turbo Diesel engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser 80
Series Features coil spring suspension, full-time 4 wheel drive with
locking center differential and ABS brakes. First introduced in 1991, it
was available in North America with the 3F-E engine. In 1992 the the
engine was replaced by the 4.5 liter 6 cylinder 1FZ-FE engine, DOHC, 24
valves, and electronic fuel injection. In South America, Europe and
Australia it is available with several other engine
types including the 1HD-FT 4.1 liter Six cylinder in-line turbocharged
direct injection SOHC 4 valve turbo diesel engine.
Cruiser 100 Series
Series Successor to the 80 Series. This model should be released in
the 1988 model year. The USA version will be assembled in California,
as the Lexus LX470 with a 4.7L V8. The front live axle has been replaced
with an independent front suspension and torsion bars. The 100 series is
too big and top-heavy to be much of a performer on-road, and the IFS makes
it unsuited for anything but "week-end warrior" off road use. Also due to
the IFS, the front locker is no longer an option.
Cruiser 105 Series
Series The real heir to the Land Cruiser throne. This is for markets
where a Land Cruiser is a working vehicle, not a status symbol. The
running gear is little changed from the 80 Series (that is, the solid
front axle and coil springs are retained) This vehicle will not be
available in North America.
Toyota Land Cruiser
Mega-Cruiser This is a proof of concept vehicle to compete with the
Hummer. This model sees limited distribution in Japan, and is not
available in North America. It uses a 4.1 Liter direct injection
intercooled turbo Diesel ,4 speed automatic transmission with lock-up
clutch ,Full-time 4WD with 2 speed transfer case, 4 Wheel independent
double wishbone suspension ,Front & Rear Limited slip differentials with
locks, Axles with hub reduction gears and 37" tires, Minimum ground
clearance 450 mm ,Counter phase four wheel steering ,Turning radius 11.8
meters, Rear tire air pressure adjuster, Inboard 4 wheel disc brakes.
Check out the Toyota Japan site for more on the
Cruiser Bandeirante Series
Bandeirante This line of Land Cruisers is currently
manufactured under license by Toyota in Brazil. Earlier models used a
diesel engine manufactured by Mercedes Benz. Current models use the
Toyota14B Engine. Body panels are produced in Brazil from Toyota dies.
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